What are the types of CCTV cameras

What are the types of CCTV cameras :

In today’s article, you will know what a CCTV camera is and how many types of CCTV cameras there are, as well as what type of camera is used and where.

In recent years, the use of CCTV cameras in India has increased a lot, before they were installed only in certain ministries, homes and schools, but today CCTV cameras are installed in every street, house, store, intersection and nearby. times, with the increasing use of IOT, the CCTV camera market will also see a rise.

There are many reasons why the CCTV camera market is growing so fast, one of them is that the normal setup cost of CCTV cameras is now cheaper than before, there are many options on the market, people have become security conscious, the use of technology has increased. . Along with this, the government has taken many important steps in the area of surveillance from time to time.

Nowadays, there are many kinds of CCTV cameras available in the market, in such a situation, an ordinary person who wants to install a CCTV camera in his house but, due to lack of technical knowledge about CCTV , can not choose the right CCTV. . camera depending on your usage.

So, through this article, we are going to talk about all the main types of CCTV that you can use according to your needs and your budget, that is, you will be able to know which camera you should use where. So let us know how many types of CCTV Cameras there are, Types of CCTV Cameras in Hindi, but before that you need to know what is CCTV Camera.

What is a CCTV Camera?

The full form of CCTV is (closed circuit television), i.e. a system in which the monitor, camera and DVR are connected together in one place by wire or wireless, and the video signal generated by each camera is broadcast on the monitor. in real time or can be viewed in playback.

CCTV cameras are used with security in mind i.e. CCTV cameras are installed to detect, investigate and prevent any criminal activity. In addition, CCTVs are installed everywhere on the roads to monitor home, office, school, public places as well as to detect traffic violations.

A CCTV setup consists of many devices, cables and components such as a CCTV camera, DVR or NVR, storage device, monitor, router, power supply or switch, connectors, cables, etc. . and these devices vary slightly depending on the needs of the user. but all of these tools are used in a typical camera setup.

CCTV cameras are installed inside and outside the place where the security needs to be enhanced, after which the user can not only see the real-time video of that place, but all this video is also stored on the hard drive connected to the DVR. or NVR. Which can also be seen later via Playback.

What are the types of CCTV cameras?

There are many types of CCTV cameras, and they are used in different places depending on the situation, but most people don’t know this and use the same type of camera everywhere so as not to get the result they imagine.

So let us know how many types of CCTV cameras there are, types of CCTV cameras in Hindi and where they can be used based on the type of camera.

Types of cctv cameras

There are mainly three types of CCTV cameras based on technology.

Analog Camera: The analog camera was used in earlier times when the CCTV market was not as digital as it is today. Video and image quality on analog cameras is not as good as it is today. The image quality or image resolution that can be captured by the camera on these types of cameras is measured in terms of TVL, such as 420 TVL, 480, 650 or 7oo TVL i.e. more the camera has TVL, the better its quality. . of picture. They will be .

In an analog camera setup, each camera is directly connected to the DVR via coaxial cable, where the camera captures video and then sends that captured video or image to the DVR via the coaxial cable. Then the DVR processes the received videos from different cameras and finally we get a finished video, but the clarity of this video is much clearer than it is today.

Analog HD Camera: Analog HD camera is also a member of analog camera family, but its video quality is much better than ordinary analog camera i.e. it records the video in high definition. The camera capacity of an analog HD camera is measured in megapixels, such as 1MP, 2MP, 4MP, etc. Simply put, the more megapixels the camera has, the better the video quality will be.

It is also configured like a normal analog camera, where each camera is connected to the DVR via coaxial cable, and the video and images captured by the camera are transmitted via the cable to the DVR, and then the DVR receives this data. treat it. For the moment, if you install a non-IP camera, you will only use an analog HD camera.

IP Camera:- It is technically regarded as the best camera which has better image quality, clarity and stability than all other cameras. IP stands for Internet Protocol camera that sends and receives video streams over an IP network, whether it is a LAN or wireless LAN. The IP camera can be configured via CAT6 cable or wireless, where the LAN network is first prepared for this.

The specialty of this camera is that this camera can automatically compress the video without reducing the video quality. Just as the DVR (Digital Video Recorder) is used to record video on an analog camera, the NVR (Network Video Recorder) is used to record on an IP camera.

There are three basic types of CCTV cameras mentioned above, where the analog camera which is a low resolution and cheap camera, this type of camera was used in ancient times. The second analog HD camera which is available in high and low resolution, and it is neither cheaper nor more expensive, but it is available at a reasonable price, and this type of camera is widely used.

Likewise, IP camera which is an IP network based camera, it is a digital camera based on the latest technology, its price is slightly higher than all other types of cameras, but the quality of IP camera is also better than the others. types of cameras. Being the best in every way, the IP camera is also widely used.

Now you need to know the types of CCTV cameras based on the technology so let us know now the types of cameras based on their design and usage.

What are the types of CCTV cameras
What are the types of CCTV cameras

What are the types of CCTV cameras based on design and usage?

Dome Camera:- As the name suggests, it is a dome shaped camera, the dome camera is commonly used to cover indoor areas such as shops, rooms, reception, office, hall, etc. This type of camera is usually not waterproof, so the dome camera is also installed in a place where water cannot fall on it.

There are also many types and designs of dome cameras available, all analog, analog HD and IP. Although it has common designs, some cameras also have vandal-proof design that is not easy to be tampered with, and the location of the camera lens also cannot be tracked. ‘outside. The dome camera is available in different lenses of 3.6mm, 4mm, 6mm, 8mm and different megapixels. This camera is available in both plastic and metal bodies, where the plastic body is a bit cheaper while the metal body is a bit more expensive.

Bullet camera: The bullet camera is waterproof and is used to cover the outdoor area. It is a cylindrical shaped camera, available in each of analog, HD analog and IP camera types. The bullet camera can be seen from afar, it is installed to cover the area like door, boundary, floor, ceiling, etc.

The coverage area of bullet camera is slightly larger than dome camera, it comes in different lenses of 3.6mm, 4mm, 6mm, 8mm, as well as different megapixels, it’s i.e. you can choose the lenses and megapixels accordingly. with the camera coverage area. selected. Bullet cameras are available in plastic and metal bodies and cost a bit more than a dome camera.

C-mount camera:- Whether it is dome or bullet, the coverage area of ​​each of them is 30-40 feet, while C-mount camera is also a bullet IP camera, the coverage distance of which is greater than 40 feet and its zoom and clarity are also very good, where a person can be easily identified even when they are far away.

The C-mount camera is a waterproof outdoor project camera with the specialty that the lens can be changed according to your needs. Whether in winter or summer, they continue to work continuously, which is why they are used in projects.

PTZ Camera: – PTZ is full form, (Pen Tilt Zoom) is also a rugged IP camera, used in projects, construction sites, grounds, building rooftops, highways, roads, etc. The PTZ camera can capture a 360 degree image. view, it can be moved with driver software, and what sets it apart from all other cameras is its coverage area which varies from a few meters to several kilometers. Maybe, and it can also zoom up to 40X. The price of the PTZ camera starts at 25-30 thousand and continues to increase.

Turret camera: also called eyeball camera, it is also a kind of IP dome camera, but it does not have an external shell like the dome camera, so it does not receive as much glare from outside light as the camera dome. falls into. The turret camera is also used to cover the interior area, this camera is also motorized, which can be moved and controlled by the pilot software.

Fisheye Camera: Fisheye camera is a very special type of IP camera, which captures 180 degree 360 ​​degree panoramic view. The fisheye camera is used in rooms, hallways, transit areas, where it can do the job of two cameras alone, if placed correctly. If you want to get the most out of the fisheye camera, you should mount it on the ceiling in the middle of the room so that it can provide 360 ​​degree coverage.

Wireless Camera:- These are also dome or bullet cameras, which are both IP and non-IP but not connected by wire or cable like other CCTV cameras, but this camera is controlled by Wi-Fi panels and are connected to each other. These are very easy to install as the camera can be mounted anywhere you have wireless coverage. Wherever wireless CCTV is installed, only one power point is needed to power the camera.

Conclusion :

One thing to mention about all CCTV cameras is the night vision cameras which have different image capture capabilities at night where the Ptz camera is installed in an open area so that at night it can record videos very cleanly. . Capture Capability While a typical HD analog camera or IP camera provides better night vision range in the home because they are designed to cover smaller indoor areas.

So my friends, you know what a CCTV camera is and how many types of CCTV cameras there are, and you also know what type of camera is used and where. We hope you find the information provided informative, if you like the information please share it with others, and if you have any questions related to this post, or have any suggestions for us, please let us know. by comment. they can.

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